Bali is well known among many as the land of a thousand Gods and temples. Some other sees the Island as a last tropical frontier area waiting to be discovered while other sees it as a Paradise of the arts. Ask around and you are almost sure to hear; Come to Bali for its culture, its beauty. In our heart, we are really proud of our Island splendor. Once goes to Bali for experience, for the journey of a lifetime; to learn traditional customs and faith, to understand the hopes and eternal search for peace.
Bali is a tourist heaven with splendid beaches, friendly people, a warm climate, cool mountain air and slow pace. You discover old stories, fine new meaning in life. You can hike up trail, watch the bird, visit temples, and buy natural, unique souvenir and gifts. Your can fill your own treasure trove with memories, enlightened recollections of when you stood and faced the mountain and gazed at the natural beauty of the surrounding countryside. Besides being known as tourist area, Bali is also well known for its agronomy and there is more and more ‘agro-tourism’ as people see the advantages of combining the two.
Bali is surrounded by river, ad water, on of the main needs of life, becomes a networking system in the centuries old system of subak. The whole process of rice growing, and rice IS the staple food, is dependent on rice field which need plenty of water. Balinese devised an ingenious system of aqueducts that can be considered a miracle of engineering. As a result, Bali is perhaps the last place on earth that still conjures image of beauty mystique, peace, good will and productive way of life that is unique in this modern age. Visitor can get a deep sense of satisfaction with the environment offering the hospitality that envelope the island including you.
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Many anthropologists have agreed that within a few decades there have been the real changes in the basic culture aspects of Balinese society, for instance in child care practice, religions, treatments of relatives, marriage and law. Balinese fill that their culture is concerned with changing as a result of culture contact. However the characteristic of the Balinese people are still not changed, even though many exploited in the word of modern technology. Bali has a consistent history in the face of assimilation and the harmony of the other culture which have come to be mixed in. increasingly, the main of economical strength is dominated by the large-scale Chinese and Javanese merchants as well as in conjunction with the investment of overseas financial capital. However the local Hindu Balinese still hold the power of political restraint and the administration. Regional autonomy means that more and more of Bali’s issue are dealt with by the Balinese and not from the central government in Jakarta. Even though materialism has increased and has influenced the Balinese people, especially for the young generation and television still influences people. This takes place in the context of a strong conservative local culture. See the Balinese still wearing traditional dress much of the time, even when watching the old style plays and traditional dances in traditional places as well as well known tourist spots like Ubud, Kuta and sanur.
Bali is the largest hind outpost in the world outside India. Approximately 93% of Bali’s population adheres to Balinese Hinduism, formed as combination of exiting local beliefs and Hindu influences from mainland Southeast Asia and south Asia. Minority religions include Islam (5.7%), Christianity (1.4%) and Buddhism (0.6%). These official statistic figures do not include immigrant from other parts of Indonesia.
On Bali, Hinduism has developed along lines all its own. In fact, the way in which the Balinese practice their frontier Hinduism is still their greatest art. Hinduism is at least 3,000 years old and dates from the creation of the Vedas, compilation of prayer, hymns, and other religious writing. Hinduism doesn’t have a single founder or prophet. There is only one God, though its many different manifestations are named and classified in great detail.
The Balinese call their religion Agama Tirta (Science of the holy Water), an interpretation of religious ideas from China, India and Java. Agama Tirta is much closer to the earth and more animist than Hinduism proper; the two sects are as different from each other as Ethiopian Christianity is from Episcopalian Christianity. If a strict Hindu Brahman from Varanasi ever visited Bali, he’d think the Balinese some kind of savages. Although the Hindu epics are well known and form the basis of favourite Balinese dances, the deities worshipped in India are considered too aloof and aristocratic for Bali. Often the Balinese don’t even know their names. The Balinese have their own trinity of supreme Gods, the shrine of the three forces.
Because of the caste system, 200 million people are shunned in India. On Bali, only the older people still believe in the caste system; the young ignore it. Though a bull served as the sacred mount of Shiva, Bali Hindus do not eschew beef; bakwan carts sell meatball noodle soup in the smallest villages and there’s a beef sausage plant in Denpasar. In India a Hindu must be cremated at once in order to enter into heaven; because of the expense, on Bali sometimes a whole village will temporally bury its dead and later stage a mass cremation. In India widows are not allowed to remarry but on Bali they can. Here, even high priests marry. In India, worship at home is all-important but on Bali group worship is preferred. Balinese Hindus are not obliged to study sacred texts, follow any set doctrine or scripture practice celibacy or adhere to puritan lifestyle. There are many paths to take that please God-singer, dancer, priest, ‘dalang’ carpenter, carver, and actor. The worshipper need only perform daily offerings and participate actively I village and temple events. Since the Brahmanic teaching are a mystery to most of the Balinese population, the emphasis has always been on frequent and visibly dramatic ceremonies and rituals rather than theology, on behaviour and service rather than the fine points of belief.
On Bali there are two ways to pray; bakti and muspa. The first is worship through devotion, the second show respect with flower. A Balinese with hand together at the hips is praying to Sanghyang Kala, Shiva the destroy; with hand at chest level the prayer is to a dead family member; hands held in front of the forehead indicate prayer to Sanghyang Widhi, the supreme God. All the many Gods of Bali-Hinduism are merely realization or manifestation of the holy rays from the one God, Sanghyang Widhi, the omnipotent Supreme Being. In this universal, all-embracing God, all deities and ancestral spirit achieve a higher unity. Sanghyang Widhi manifests himself to the Balinese in three main forms: Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver and Shiva the destroyer. This three-in-one embodiment is called the Tri sakti, the holy trinity. The average Balinese does not utter prayer or make offerings directly to Sanghyang Widhi. Not one of the island’s temples, altars or shrines is dedicated to Him. Instead three-seated temple pedestals enshrine the Tri sakti. Before a ceremony temple guardians will decorate the pedestal with bright wraps of colored cloth; red for Brahma, white for Shiva and black for Vishnu.
These three powerfully symbolic colors predominate in all religious processions. In hear the hierarchy of the divine, below Sanghyang Widhi and the Tri sakti is a multitude manifestations named and classified in great details. These protective spirits are closely related to nature. God in his power to create the wind is Dewa Bayu, to create rice she is Dewi Sri, to create the ocean Dewa Baruna. God’s gender is indicated by Dewa (male) and Dewi (female). Most Balinese concentrate their worship on Shiva, God’s manifestation as destroyer, since it is he who is most often seen and felt by the people through suffering and sickness. The Balinese believe in taking care of the God that creates or preserves you. Appeasing Shiva, as well as the local Dewa, will bring prosperity, happiness and liberation. Through Shiva is often manifested as Surya, the sun, the Balinese are not pagan sun-worshippers. Balinese religious scholars were livid when a full-page ad appeared in time featuring a group of kecak dancers on the beach, with a cut-line reading Bali is still full of half-naked sun-worshipper.
Vishnu, connected with the creation of life, is particularly associated with the irrigation systems that nourish the rice field and is the most important figure in the kampung. Saraswati is Goddees of learning and knowledge. Shiva’s consort is Durga, Goddess of death and ruler of demons, ghosts and witches. Each God or Goddess also has a mount or vehicle for transport. Shiva rides the bull Nandi, while Vishnu flies upon Garuda, a mythical Bird.
The origin of the term ‘Pura’ as a place of worship for Hindus people in Bali (Indonesia) was existed during the Reign of Dalem in Bali. The term Khayangan or Hyang was known previously. Before the term ‘Pura’ was known to show a place of worship for Hindus in Bali. Even during the Ancient in Bali Age the tem ‘Ulon’ was use that means holy place or a place used for connecting with God. This thing was written in Sukawana ancient inscription Al (882M).
So was in Kehen Temple inscription the term Hyang was also mentioned. According to palm manuscript of Usana Dewa, it was Empu Kuturan who taught Hindus people how to make ‘Kahyangana dewa’ (shrine for God) as he did in east Java. Empu Kuturan was Hindus figures who come from Java to Bali during during the reign of Marakata and the youngest child of King Udayana.
The arrival of Empu Kuturan in Bali had changed religious life. It was Empu Kuturan who taught people how to build Sad Kahyangan Jagat, Kahyangan Catur Lokapala, Kahyangan Rwabineda in Bali. It was he who expanded Besakih Temple into by building Meru Gedong etc. He also taught the building of Kahyangan Tigain every customary village in Bali. Besides teaching how to build the temple physically, he also taught about spiritual for example; kind of ceremony, kind of ‘Pedagingan’, shrine etc as mentioned in Dewa Tattwa palm manuscript.
The uniqueness of Bali Island could be seen from its culture aspects such as the great number of Hindu religious and Balinese tradition ceremonies. There are many incidental ceremonies like; funeral, cremation, marriage and other, those could not scheduled regularly, while on the other hand temple ceremony or local people call ‘Odalan’ is a Temple’s anniversary celebration, held regularly according to the traditional Hindu calendar system.
During a Temple’s ceremony the whole villagers around it are totally involved since its preparation few days or weeks before. Temple ceremony commonly lasts for three days, and the greater one last for 11 days or even 42 days. A good time to attend the temple ceremony is in the afternoon till evening where you could see young women with beautiful temple offerings on their heads in long parade lead to the temple, mass praying, traditional dances of performance and much other ritual activity.
To get into the temple during its ceremony days, temple custom strictly should be put on, while for other days one should wear polite dress with Temple sash (often viable at every front of the temple) circle around waist. It all means to show respect ness to God as well as to local tradition which ensure a safe and enjoyable visit.
Nungnung is a small village about 40km north of Denpasar at 900 m above sea level and therefore, known for its cool, refreshing air. This village is the home of a 50m high waterfall called Nungnung waterfall. To reach this waterfall, one must pass through expansive rice terraces about 2km off the main road. Petang or Pelaga Village is located 800m above sea level, about 32 north Denpasar, at the northern art of Badung regency. Both villages portray fascinating agro tourism areas due their intact ecology, corn and other plants and vegetables add to the beauty of the sights.
Tanah Wuuk is a beautiful river valley of Tukad Pened, only 1km north of Sangeh monkey forest. It's located 500m off the main road, hidden behind rice field, and is very quite, private place to enjoy nature. Its beautiful green valley is very tranquil which mace perfect place for relaxing or hiking trough river valley and Penet River.
In the Sangeh Monkey Forrest, a protected grove of nutmeg trees where tribes of monkey dwell is honored guest can be found a spacious temple known as Pura Bukit Sangeh. This temple originally built by royal family of Mengwi, and is now taken care of by the people from the village of Saangeh. According to history Anak Agung Anglurah Made Karangasem Sakti, the adopted son of Raja Mengwi, Cokorda Sakti Blambangan, built Bukit Sari, Mengwi was once one of Bali's major Kingdom, near by of Sangeh, only 18 km from Denpasar, at the beginning of the 17th century the royal family of Mengwi ruled over the area Blambangan to East Java Anak Aging Anglurah Made Karangasem Sakti had from his childhood. Thus he obtained the inspiration to build a temple in the nutmeg forest of Sangeh. To this day, the Bukit Sari temple remains a testament to the duty and respect that the Royal Family of Mengwi pays to the Gods of Mount Aging.
This temple is located at Mengwi village in Badung and is 18 kilometers from Denpasar. It's easily reached by car. The huge state temple of Pura Taman Ayun surrounded by a wide moat was the main temple of Mengwi kingdom, which survived until 1891 when its was conquered by the neighboring kingdom of Tabanan and Badung. The temple was originally built in 1634 and extensively renovated in 1937, It's very large and spacious, and the elegant moat is an unusual feature, The first courtyard is a large, open grassy expanse and the inner courtyard has a multitude of Merus (multi-tiered shrines), In a beautiful setting across the moat from the temple is a rather lost-looking art center. On east side of the main complex there is a Meru dedicated to the God of fertility, which is closely related with rice and irrigation, called : shrine of Ulun Suwi, At one side of the east part is a shrine of the spirit warrior Pasek Buduk from Buduk Village. Pasek was region's strong defender and head of the village, Inspired by the bigger necessity to consolidate the kingdom, Pasek wanted to subdue the king by disclosing his physical weakness, and asked the king to build for his spirit a shrine in the temple, and a point one each from 4 casts as the adopted children had grown a strong garrison to support the glory of Mengwi Kingdom. Mengwi is second kingdom of Bali to control the Blambangan regency (now Banyuangi in East Java). The total number of shrines and pavilions in the complex is 50. This shrine are not all dedicated to Gods or holy spirits but some are used as ritual facilities, public halls, and decorations. For Taman ayun Temple, the responsible principal is Mengwi palace assisted by the local society in the area of the current of Mengwi Kecamatan administrative government. During the major ceremonies, people from outside Kecamatan Mengwi usually come to pray, especially from those areas previously under Mengwi Kingdom.
Baha is located about 4 km east of Taman Ayun Temple. The workers and traditional farmer make up the major part of the population in Baha. The uniqueness of this traditional village is the uniformity of the entrance gate of the family compounds combined with the traditional housing structure, which give the village a fascinating appearance.
This statue was built in 1993, located at the centre of road intersection at the northeast of Bali International Airport. In Mahabrata story Gatotkaca is depicted as a very brave and powerful knight who responsible for air defense and security protection for the Pandawa Kingdom. The erection of the statue apart from as an effort to beautify the landscape around the airport. It is also believe could contribute spiritual protection and safety for all incoming and outgoing, flight. This statue enable to present a very striking view and excellent for taking picture when you arrive or leave Bali.
Mandala Garuda Wisnu Kencana, known in short as GWK, is designed and it is expected to be landmark of Bali as the new tourism destination to combine culture, social economic and various environmental aspect. Provide new attraction for local and foreign tourist, aiming to create the ideal economic multiplier effect, and provide artist and local people a chance of upgrading their welfare. That is more or less their main purposes of the construction of this multi purpose as it is out lined on their project summary. The main mark of this complex is bust of God Wishnu 144.64 m height, surrounded by: 60 pavilions for countries and world cultural institution, International museum, International Gallery, International Conference Hall, and Exhibition Hall. GWK monument is located on a high place overlooking beautiful panorama of the surrounded, around 4 km from Desa Jimbaran. Indeed this estate would gear the activities at the surrounding, especially Jimbaran, but a question remains unanswered, and what are people looking for?
This monument remind us to the terrible tragedy, the explosion of Bali Bomb occurred on Saturday October 12, 2002 at Jalan Legian, Kuta which causing 202 persons from 22 countries killed and 324 seriously injured of defected. The horrible bomb explosion also destroyed and damaged many buildings and cars in one kilometers radius, and since that tragedy tourism industry as the back bone of Bali?fs economy suffer the deepest decline along its story. But owing to the dedication and hard work of all community level, either private sector or The Government, now it has got gradual recovery. The monument is located at the area of explosion site (Ground Zero), while the striking part of a huge white color tree leaf, as symbol of universe, and at the lower part of Kayonan could be found an inscription listing all dead victim of the Bomb tragedy, classified in nationalities.
The area of Seminyak, includes the Span of Deminyak village beach Jayakarta hotel northward up to the Oberoi hotel. Seminyak area has more traffic outlets with the opening of 2 wide short-cuts from Denpasar up to northern Seminyak. Seminyak has best hotels and villas such as 5 stars hotels, 4 stars hotels, 3 stars hotels, and totally private villas, as well as night life, and fine dining places. Proliferation of Seminyak hotels and Seminyak villas even go deep into inner villages and rice field. Simple Seminyak hotels and guest houses are also invaded Seminyak. Beside various shops and restaurants. Compared to Kuta hotels, Seminyak hotel are more quiet place, at the west part of seminyak. While Seminyak hotels and villas located on the east part of Seminyak which are more crowded during the day, due to the traffic on the main Seminyak ? Legian road. The type of Seminyak hotels are a bit different from those Central Kuta hotels due to it's more wider space, and closer to the beach, although there is road already laid out along the beach.
Party central. Kuta at night refers to the area extending about 7km north of the original village of Kuta. This area now includes Legian, Seminyak and even Basangkasa. The Kuta area is the epicenter of Bali's nightlife. The majority of Bali's better entertainment places offer anything and everything a 'night owl' would want. Located at the center of the original village are Kuta's many open-air pubs and discos. Entrance to bars is usually free with special dringks promotions and Happy Hours from 6pm to 9pm, and sometime longer. Jalan Legian and Jalan Padma havethe biggest concentration of watering holes. Take up the option of joining surfer to guzzle beer, ply pool and watch surfing videos at Tubes Cafe`. Or drop by the eye-catching and uniquely sailship-shaped Bounty Restaurant I, which sways to the music of its dance floor till down. Other happening outlets in town are the trendy 66 Club (but say 'edouble six'), terrific Goa 2001 Pub Restaurant and hyper chic Gado Gado. For Kuta magnetic live music, The Macaroni Club is irresistible. One of Bali's latest and most extraordinary; this place jazzes it up every Sunday 10.30pm and invites guests to jam along on Friday nights. For a rare and special combination of Balinese dancing and rock bands near the beach, head straight for Zero Six in Tuban; while the new Hard Rock Cafe draws the crowds with live music and pricey drinks. Other music club include the Aussie-style 'epubs' along Jalan Melasti and the semi-submerged Joni Sunken Bar & Restaurant. Classier up-market hotels like the Bali Padma Hotel on Legian Beach offer more relaxed entertainment.
Jimbaran is directly south of airport, on the way from Denpasar towards Nusa Dua. The village Jimbaran is the narrow neck of the west, Jimbaran Beach face the Jimbaran bay, recently lined by new luxurious resort,. On the east, the beach faces the body of water sheltered by Benoa Harbor. People who have made a visit to Jimbaran will remember the good seafood and the relaxed atmosphere on a warung at the beach. The Jimbaran village is located just south of the airport in The Teluk Jimbaran bay. On the opposite side of the village is several luxury hotels along the five km long, white beach. This is good place for swimming, but in contrast to Kuta a little bit further north not a good place for surfing. The area is turning into a tourist in the upper price levels, something that will have great consequences for the small fishing village. Still daily life goes on like it has centuries, the fishermen leaves for their nightly catch and religious ceremonies is held on the beach and the temples. The main road from Sanur to Nusa Dua passes on the east side of the narrow land stripe that connects to Bukit Peninsula with the rest of Bali, and Jimbaran is therefore not visible from this road. You have to follow the road south, do a u-turn, go north and then left again in the direction of the beach. It's not so much to see in the village, many come here mainly for the delicious seafood that can be enjoyed on one of the many local warung's that is spread along the beach. Follow the road that usually open at 17.00, in the time to order and enjoyed the sunset. You pick the seafood at the entrance, the fish and lobster are alive or put on ice. The table stands on the beach, and if the rain is not pouring down this can be a dinner full of atmosphere when the sun goes down and the candlelight's are lit. The food is grilled on coconut husk, the smoke can be very irritating for your eyes, so watch the wind when you pick a table. Unlike Kuta there is limited accommodation here in lower price levels, most of the hotels are five start or middle class. From here it is a short way to the large tourist spots on South Bali, and only 10 minutes to the airport. A dinner on Jimbaran can be a nice end of a trip to for example Uluwatu on the southern tip of Bali.
Most visitors to Lovina beach in Buleleng, in the northern part of Bali, are there for the dolphins. Tourists generally make the trip out to the beach in June, July or August, when the weather is good and the waters blue and clear. The rising number of visitor to the beach is good for the local economy because of the jobs it creates. There are more than 300 dolphin spotting guides in Kaliasem village in Kalibukbuk near Lovina beach. During peak season, nearly all of them are busy taking tourists on trips out the sea. The best time for dolphin spotting is about 6 a.m., so tourists are advised to turn up at about 5:30 a.m., before sunrise Dolphin watching is much like fishing in that if one lucky they will get 'big catch' and see the dolphins up close, but if they are not, they will go home 'empty-handed', without seeing so much as a fin. One men returning after a disappointing trip snapped at his guide, 'Are you sure there are dolphin here? The management of the dolphin watching business has also criticized. One dolphins are spotted, the boats race to get into the best position. Many people are satisfied by the experience, but others return from sea complaining the dolphins were chased and cornered by the boats. The dolphins can become sick from exhaustion after being trailed by the tourist after being trailed by the tourist boats, or separated from their pups. Some of the guides acknowledge there are problems with the way in which the trips are conducted, but say there is nothing they can do about it.
The monastery (Brahma Vihara Arama) was built in 1970 by locals financing by Indonesian and also aids of Thailand government, and it's consecrated in 1972. It has been damaged by earthquake in 1976. The new stupa has been repaired and is decorated with splendidly colorful confection. The temple complex enjoys a wonderful hillside setting such as brilliant orange tile roof stand over an entrance gate guarded by fine two naga, with bell tower in the corner of middle courtyard, Every steps up to the temple has Buddha wisdom also around the walls. A lower temple with a gold Buddha is from Thailand as a centerpiece, carve stone plaques showing scene from Buddha?fs life on all the main temple, and colorful Buddhist to the left of the top temple. Further up you'll see the founder of the temple next to it is several big stupas, in this part is the most interesting of the monastery, and magnet for pilgrimages. It well knows as Vihara Buddha Banjar , is the biggest Buddhist temple in Bali. It is located at hilly area at Tegehe Village, Desa Banjar, Buleleng Regency about 22 km west of Singaraja City. Due to its location in hilly area, Brahmavihara Arama ha a silent and peaceful atmosphere and it's perfect as a spiritual area.
Another waterfall at Munduk village which look down to the north coast and the sea beyond. Go on one of the myriad of walks in the area and enjoy water fall, truly tinny villages, wild fruits trees and the sinuous bands of rice paddies lining the hills like ribbons. About 11 kilometers from the closest city Singaraja out at the south of Singaraja, you will find the water fall Git-git, a well-signposted path goes 800 meters west from the main road yo the touristy water fall. The path is lined with souvenir stalls, and persistent guides offer their service, which you have no need for at all. The 40 meters waterfall is quite pretty, and a great place for a picnic. And about 2 kilometer from Git-git waterfall further up the hill, we can see another, Git-git Multi-tier Waterfall is about 600 meters off the western side of the main road, by a small side track then a good walking bridge and follows the river up past several sets of waterfall, through verdant jungle and with several place to swim. The next waterfall you can see another 2 kilometers further up hill called the twin waterfall, from the main road you have to walk as well another 500 meters, it is very nice walk with passing a small path and you can witness as well any kind of the plantation such as coffee, cacao, clove and pineapple.
The capital city of Bali, Denpasar has many community temples called 'Pura'. One is the Museum called Pura Jagatnatha which is dedicated to the supreme God Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa. The Museum offers a fine variety of prehistoric and modern art, where as its architectural design resembles that of a palace. The government supervised 'Sanggraha Kriya Hasta' has a wide variety of handcrafts and works of art. The 'Werdi Budaya' present a yearly art festival between June and July, with performance, exhibitions, art contest and so on.
Sanur beach has long been a popular recreation site for people from Denpasar and elsewhere. The palm lined beach curves from the Bali Beach hotel toward the south, face the Indian ocean to ward the east. Sanur offers many good hotels, restaurant, shopsa and other tourist facilities. It is only a short distance from Denpasar public transportation to and from the city are easily available until well into tonight. Offshore reefs protect the Beach against the waves and make it popular for windsurfing, boating and other water sports.
Once a lonely village on the road from Denpasar toward the bukit peninsula, kuta is now a thriving tourist resort, popular mainly among the young. It is a popular beach for surfing although currents make it less suitable for swimming. Coast guard, however, are on constant duty during the day. Kuta faces toward the west offering beautiful sunsets. Accommodation ranges from International hotels to home stay. The village abounds with restaurants, shops, discotheques and other tourist facilities. It is easier to find regular performance of Balinese Music and dance in Kuta, staged specially for Tourist, than anywhere else in Bali. Some performances are staged nightly. The village is ideal for meeting and mixing with other people, locals as well as visitors from abroad.
The Nusa Dua tourist resort is part of the Bukit peninsula in shouthern Bali. Some of the most beautiful and luxurious hotels found here. The resort is know for its clean white beaches and clear waters. The surf is gentle along the northern side of the peninsula, bigger along the south. The most convenient form of transportation to and from Nusa Dua is by Taxi.
Nusa Lembongan, a small Island between Bali and Nusa Penida in the Bading strait, is the perfect location for a holiday hideaway with view visitor and pristine unspoilt beaches. Overlooking Sanghiang bay with its clear sapphire-blue waters, the Nusa Lembongan resort offers panoramic view of eastern Bali and the majestic silhouette of Month Agung.
Tourist looking for a quite beach resort can head 10 km west from Singaraja to Lovina, long stretch of beach (with hotel and bungalows). The black sand beach is safe and a perfect place for swimming and snorkelling. Lovina also offer dolphin viewing. It is the perfect base from which to explore northern Bali.
The centre of Balinese painting, Ubud's Museum Puri Lukisan has a permanent collection of modern works of Balinese art dating from the turn of the century. There are also several art galleries and homes of famous artists here, including that of Dutchborn Hans Snel and American Antonio Blanko. The 'young Artist' style now popular in Balinese painting was introduced by the Dutch painter Arie Smith. In the past, other foreign painter inspired Balinese artist to adopt western technique but traditional Balinese paintings are still made and sold another museum called Neka Museum has a wide collection of painting both by Indonesian as well as foreign artists who used to live in Bali. Ubud has several small hotels. Located on a higher altitude with a pleasant climate.
Peliatan is located between Ubud and Mas. It has been known as the centre of traditional Music and Dance. The fine art of local woodcarvers started a new style of wood carving producing such things as a fruit, flower and trees in heir real shapes and colourings.
Driving northeast from Denpasar, stone figures on the roadside mark the village of batubulan. Divinities and demons are carved from sandstone for ornaments of houses and temple. Workshop can be visited to watch artist at work. Kecak dance and Barong dance are also performance in this area.
Northeast of Denpasar, the village of celuk is noted for its silver and gold works of jewellery in many styles.
The village of woodcarvers, many of Bali's old masters still live here. Art galleries exhibit some of their best works. Visitors can wonder through the Balinese style houses to view the carved wooden pillars and the artists at work or instructing apprentices who work in groups.
The temple of Pura Tirta Empul is built around the sacred spring at Tampak Siring. Over 1000years old, the temple and its two bathing places have been used by the people for good health and prosperity because of the spring water's curative power. Regular ceremonies are held for purification. Specialities of the area are bone and ivory carvings, and seashell ornament.
The elephant cave is carved in to rock face and reached by a flight of steps. It probably dates back to the 9-12th centuries and shows elements of both Hindu and Buddhist. You can enter the cave through the huge mouth of a demon. In front of the cave are two bathing pools with spring water gushing from spouts help by female figure. A kilometre from Goa Gajah is Yeh Pulu. After a short walk through rice terrace, you will arrive at ancient rock carving dating from the 14th century. The carving depicts various scenes of everyday life and the figures of elephant-headed Ganesha indicating a close relationship between the two sites.
Goa Lawah is the bat cave. This cave is crammed with thousand of bats which are unseen but certainly not unheard during the day. The cave is part of a Temple that is said to lead all the way to Besakih but it's unlike that anyone would be interested in investigating.
Kerta Gosa was used a venue for the administration of justice by kings and priest during pre-colonial times. It is surrounding by a moat and is decorated with beautiful painting on its ceiling, which depicts torture in hell and bliss in heaven. The Bale Kembang (Floating pavilion) stands behind the Kerto Gosa. Its painted ceilings depict the legend of the hero Sutasoma and his sacrifices, and of Pan and Men Brayut, known as the couple who had too many offspring.
Sangeh is the famous Monkey Forest, set in heart of the only primary forest in southern Bali. This forest consists entirely of pala (nutmeg) tree. The Monkey living here are considered sacred and hence used to make Barong.
South Bali on Bukit Badung. This cliff top temple, dedicated to the spirits of the sea, has spectacular views and is popular for viewing sunsets. The famous Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple is an architectural marvel situated on headland at the western tip to the plateau. According to local tradition, the first Uluwatu was built in the 11th century, in the16th century; it was rebuilt into its current state. The temple has some of the most exquisites architecture in Bali. The carvings made in the unusually hard coral stone have withstood time well.
The village of Kintamani and Penelokan give a view of active Mount Batur and Lake. The caldera of Batur is impressive: 7 miles in diameter and 60 feet deep. From Penelokan, a road leads to Kedisan on the shores of the lake where boat can be hired to cross over to Trunyan. This ancient village is inhabited by people who call themselves 'Bali Aga' or original Balinese who have maintained many of their old ways. The Puser Jagat templehas an unusual architecture and stands under a massive Banyan tree.
Known as the 'Mother Temple' of Bali, the sanctuary of Besakih on the slope of Mt. Agung is the biggest and hollest of all Balinese temple. Over a thousand years old, step ascends through split gates to the main courtyard where the trinity shrines are wrapped in cloth and decorated with flower offerings. Around the three main temples dedicated to the trinity: Shiva, Brahma and Wisnu, are 18 separate sanctuaries belonging to different regencies and caste groups. To the Balinese, a visit to the temples sanctuaries is a special pilgrimage. Each has its own anniversary celebration or 'Odalan'. The sight of the temple against the background of the mountain is impressive and during festival, coloured banners add a touch of gaiety.
One of Bali's most important sea temples, the temple sanctuary at Tanah Lot is built atop a huge rock which is surrounded by the sea. Built by one of the last priests to come to Bali from Java in the 16th century, its rituals include the paying of homage to the guardian spirits of the sea. Poisonous sea snakes found at the base of the rocky island are believed to guard the Temple from evil spirits and intruder. The best time to see Tanah Lot is in the late afternoon when the Temple is in silhouette.
The mountain resort of Bedugul, 18 km North of Denpasar, is known its excellent golf course. Located beside, lake Beratan, it is surrounded by forested hills. A beautiful sight is the Ulun Danu Temple which seems to rise out of the lake.
This little Island off Bali's west coast is known for its beautiful coral reef found nearby and the wealth of tropical fish inhabiting he water around it. The island it self including Terim bay, are by themselves worth a visit because of the beautiful sceneries they offer.
West Bali National Park is situated in two regencies; Jembrana and Buleleng. The entrance on Jembrana side of the park is at Melaya on Denpasar - Gilimanuk road. Visit this place if you are looking for pristine tropical nature. The park is the last nature habitat of the endangered Jalak Putih, fewer than fifty are believed to be left in the wild, where they are threatened by poaching. The Park also home to Banteng and deer-like Menjangan. The National Park contains a broad rang of Natural environments, from mangrove coastal forests to savana and rainforest shelters. To enter Bali National Park one must go to the Park office in cekik. Accommodation is available in basic huts but you must bring your own bedding and utensils.